cicadellidae identification key

about 3,000 described species in NA, ca. 4, Sonronius dahlbomi. Pacific Insects 23: 112-188. Carpi A, Mejdalani G. (2010) A new Egidemia China from South Peru with a key to the species of the genus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae: Proconiini). The brochos… These intricately shaped structures form in a specialized region of the Malpighian tubules. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, CICADELLIDAE. They are herbivores, and can be seen feeding on shrubs and grass blades. ): labelled Cicadula cyanae Boh. What do they look like? Family: Cicadellidae: Note: not all species are yet illustrated, including ones that are very similar in appearance to those here; please refer to the systematic lists for the full list of taxa, and heed carefully the identification notes on each page. This damage, which appeared to be caused by a "minute bullet," was caused by the piercing-sucking mouthparts of H. vitripennis. Riley and Howard (1893) first used "sharpshooter" to describe the feeding damage of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar), on cotton. This category contains Genera of Cicadellidae. They also reported "rapid and forcible eject… Two new species of the neotropical leafhopper genus caldwelliola young (hemiptera: cicadellidae) with a key to all species. In addition to describing and naming new species and higher taxa, I work to develop improved identification keys, taxonomic revisions, and … Leafhopper tribes (based on nymph and adult morphology). nov. and F. variata Lu & Qin sp. MORE NEW GENERIC NAMES IN THE CICADELLIDAE (HEMIPTERA)-(Peer Reviewed Journal) http://genent.cals.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/id_audio_fam_Cicadellidae.mp3. nov. from southwest China and Thailand. Similar to Cicadellidae, they also deposit their eggs into the tree branches, doing considerable damage. The leafhoppers, or Cicadellidae, of Illinois (Eurymelinae - Balcluthinae) Revision of the Macropsini and Neopsini of the new-world (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae), with notes on intersex morphology. arranged into ~25 subfamilies and almost 60 tribes, Bathysmatophorinae (Anufriev, 1978): holarctic, Cicadellinae (Latreille, 1825): worldwide, Coelidiinae (Dohrn, F., 1859): worldwide (introduced in Europe), Deltocephalinae (Dallas, 1870): worldwide, Eurymelinae (Amyot & Serville, 1843): worldwide, Hylicinae (Distant, 1908): afrotropical, indomalayan, Megophthalminae (Kirkaldy, 1906): worldwide, Mileewinae (Evans, 1947): afrotropical, indomalayan, neotropical, australian, Neobalinae (Linnavuori, 1959): neotropical, Neocoelidiinae (Oman, 1943): nearctic, neotropical, Nioniinae (Oman, 1943): nearctic, neotropical, Phereurhininae (Kramer, 1976): neotropical [unpublished phylogenic analysis reveals this subfamily to be a tribe of Cicadellinae], Portaninae (Linnavuori, 1959): neotropical, Signoretiinae (Baker, 1915): afrotropical, indomalayan, Tartessinae (Distant, 1908): indomalayan, australian, Typhlocybinae (Kirschbaum, 1868): worldwide, Ulopinae (Le Peletier & Serville, 1825): old world, worldwide; in NA, some species migrate south in the fall, and back north in the spring, nearly every habitat with vascular plants, incl. (1998) "Short-Horned" Bugs (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) [of the Montane Cordillera Ecozone], McKamey S.H. (2001-2010) Checklist of leafhopper species 1758-1955 (Hemiptera: Membracoidea: Cicadellidae and Myserslopiidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. Mckamey, S.H. Among all insects, only cicadellids produce minute granules called brochosomes. Their hind legs are modified for jumping, and are covered with hairs that facilitate the spreading of a secretion over their bodies that acts as a water repellent and carrier of pheromones. Description:  Leafhoppers are small and vary in color. is cited as important pest of papaya in Brazil (Martins & Marin 1998, Pantoja et al. Biology, Ecology, and Management of Eastern Grape Leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), a Key Pest of Vineyards in North America April 2020 DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmaa003 (See Homoptera page for additional information. ) Many leafhopper species are economically important, either inflicting direct damage to crops, or transmitting plant diseases. This category is automatically filled by the use of {{Taxonavigation}} with parameter include=Hemiptera. 2003). 8, Macrosteles cyanae (Boh. deserts, grasslands, wetlands, and forests, year-round in the south; spring through fall in the north; some species overwinter as adults beneath leaf litter or matted grasses, nymphs and adults feed on sap of above-ground stems or leaves of plants; some species are more host-specific than others, varies according to species; in general, female inserts several eggs into living tissue of host plant; eggs either remain dormant for a period ranging from a month to over a year, or develop and hatch within a few weeks; nymphs undergo five molts, reaching adult stage in several weeks or months, Leafhoppers coat their bodies and wings with a light dusting of water-repellent waxy material (brochosomes), sometimes distributed unevenly as bilaterally asymmetric whitish streaks [, Leafhoppers have sound-producing organs (tymbals) at the base of abdomen (songs usually too faint for human ear), Several species are serious crop pests; some transmit plant pathogens (viruses, mycoplasma-like organisms, etc. http://genent.cals.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/id_audio_fam_Cicadellidae.mp3. An online interactive key first is used to place an unknown specimen in a species or species group using discrete external morphological features. 108(3)534-542. The group includes well known pests such as the potato leafhopper, white apple leafhopper, and various grape leafhoppers. 3I (Internet-accessible Interactive Identification) is a set of software tools for creating on-line identification keys, taxonomic databases, and virtual taxonomic revisions.By organizing illustrations and nomenclatural, morphological, bibliographical, and distributional data into a single database, 3I also facilitates production of traditional, printed taxonomic papers and monographs. French Guiana. If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office. DEL⋅li⋅dae] We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world. 49, Issue. Occurrence of Cicadulina bipunctata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in southwestern Shikoku, Japan and comparisons of gall-inducing ability between Kyushu and Shikoku populations. An automated system was developed for identifying, without dissection, leafhoppers of the genus Draeculacephala Ball. Oman PW. 7a, front view of Macrosteles fieberi. These insects have evolved several mechanisms that cause severe damage to the plants that they feed on. leafhoppers. 1, Mocuellus metrius. The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. DUANE RAY BUETTNER is a DOT registered motor carrier located in CLINTONVILLE, WI. The Cicadomorpha forms the larger series, keys to all except the subfamily Typhlocybinae of the Cicadellidae being published as handbooks in 1965 and 1969 (Le Quesne, 1965a, 1969). 5, Macrosteles septemnotatus. Empoasca is one of the most economically important genera of leafhoppers, with the potato leafhopper and other polyphagous species causing substantial damage to field and horticultural crops annually. Everything else copyright © 2003-2020 Iowa State University, unless otherwise noted. As part of efforts for development and implementation of Specific identification of some female Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), using morphological characters of the ovipositor and isozyme and mtCOI sequence analyses - Volume 142 Issue 6 - Stefano Demichelis, Aulo Manino, Chiara Sartor, Dina Cifuentes, Augusto Patetta Cicadellidae. Two new microleafhopper genera, Keumiata Qin & Dietrich gen. nov. and Flaviata Lu & Qin gen. nov. are described based on 2 new species, K. orientalis Qin & Dietrich sp. These insects injure plants by feeding on the contents of parenchyma cells and, occasionally, on phloem sap. These mechanisms include reducing the amount of sap or chlorophyll, ovipositing in twigs, causing disease, stunting growth, and curling the leaves of the plant. Auchenorrhyncha (by D. Dmitriev). Florida Entomologist 88: 502-517. Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service. One of the principal aims of this report is to set forth keys and illustrations for their identification. 4742, 2, p. zootaxa.4742.2.8. A Key for Identification of Deltocephaline Genera (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) Associated with Vegetable Ecosystem in Sri Lanka. ), Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies), Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans), Membracoidea (Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids), True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies (Hemiptera), Free-living Hemipterans (Auchenorrhyncha), Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids (Membracoidea), Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha), Dietrich C.H. Hemachandra 1, H.N.P. A leafhopper is the common name for any species from the family Cicadellidae.These minute insects, colloquially known as hoppers, are plant feeders that suck plant sap from grass, shrubs, or trees. Pending ID - Cicadellidae References Evans, F. 1981. Two new synonymies are 3, Sargatus punctifrons. Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) Dietrich C.H. 6a, front view of Macrosteles horvathi. As a defense mechanism, their hind tibia is covered in small spines. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, new synonym; Iassini Walker, 1870, equals Hyalojassini Evans, 1972, new synonym. (1949) The Nearctic leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Cicadellidae. This category should only contain Genera categories and galleries. 2, Macrosteles oshanini. Wijayagunasekara1 and D. Ahangama Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture … The Tartessinae of Australia, New Guinea and some adjacent islands. According to Moulds (2005) the families Tettigarctidae and Cicadidae are grouped under the superfamily Cicadoi- dea. A generic classification and check list. 2002, Culik et al. The present handbook is aimed at completing the work on the British Auchenorhyncha by dealing with the 95 species of the Typhlocybinae. quicker ID Matching comments ranked in order of relevance: Some partial life cycles-Cicadellidae Identification wow! Fairyfly egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) of rice leafhoppers and planthoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae and Delphacidae) known from Taiwan are identified taxonomically, keyed, and illustrated. … Their host associations are determined by rearings using sentinel eggs of mainly four key pest species. In this regard, they resemble treehoppers, which have up to three such rows of setae on the hind tibia, but most treehoppers have a posterior pronotal process that is absent in leafhoppers. 2005. Your donation to BugGuide will be matched up to $2500! Members of the Cicadellidae range in length from 2 to 32 mm and characteristically have four rows of enlarged, spine-like setae on the hind tibia. There have been several explanations for the use of this term. View phone number, email, key contacts, trucks, drivers, inspections, insurance, check for fraud, cargo hauled, authority status and more. The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. 22,000 described species worldwide (estimated global diversity >100,000 spp.) They are found in many places such as shrubs, grasses, and flowers, but they principally feed on the leaves of plants. Auchenorrhyncha database search. 7, Cicadula frontalis. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Volume 2, Part 2(a) Family Cicadellidae Key to British subfamilies and some genera Source material This key is derived from the work of W J Le Quesne (1965), Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Volume 2, part 2(a). Cicadellidae Cicadellidae. These small (adults less than 13 mm long) insects are slim, with a wide blunt head and sucking mouthparts tucked in underneath it. They are found in many places such as shrubs, grasses, and flowers, but they principally feed on the leaves of plants. KEY WORDS: Carica papaya, papaya, pest Worldwide, at least 13 species of leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) were recorded on papaya (Carica papaya L.), of which only Empoasca sp. A new genus of Hoplojassini from French Guiana (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Iassinae) and identification key for species of tribe ... Feb 20 2020, In: Zootaxa. Abstract. identification key. Both new genera are assigned to the typhlocybine tribe Empoascini. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. R. Gnaneswaran, K.S. 6, Cicadula variata Fallen. Palabras clave: Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, cigarrillas, Alebra, Península Iberica, Madeira, distribución. Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor's name for licensing and usage information. List of literature on leafhopper nymphs. taxonomic keys. Egg brochosomes are useful structures to identify Proconiini species in vine. Interactive keys and databases created using 3I program. The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. 2005. The family Cicadidae family includes some species of economic importance for Brazil (Metcalf 1963), mainly be- cause some species infest coffee … Family Cicadellidae (by D. Dmitriev). The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. Spot ID Key Characters: Large pronotum covers the head and extends backwards over the abdomen; Common Name: Leafhoppers Description: Leafhoppers are small and vary in color.As a defense mechanism, their hind tibia is covered in small spines. Typhlocybinae is one of the most diverse and economically important groups of leafhoppers (Cicadellidae). Aetalionidae, Cicadellidae, Melizoderidae, Membracidae, Myerslopiidae (Membracoidea). While there are about ~22,000 described species of leafhoppers, estimates of their actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species! 2, p. 325. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, new synonym; Iassini Walker, 1870, equals Hyalojassini Evans, 1972, new synonym. Just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world identify Proconiini species in vine Dietrich.! 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( Peer Reviewed journal ) Cicadellidae is provided Some adjacent islands Australia, new Guinea and adjacent... Your local extension office the higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but provisional. Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae ) is provided 10.1080/01650521.2010.485734 ; Freytag PH, Sharkey.. All insects, only cicadellids produce minute granules called brochosomes but a provisional key to species... Species group using discrete external morphological features ~22,000 described species worldwide ( estimated global diversity > 100,000 spp. resources... Both new Genera are assigned to the plants that they feed on contents. The plants that they feed on important pest of papaya in Brazil Martins! One of the Typhlocybinae egg brochosomes are useful structures to identify Proconiini species in vine (! The Tartessinae of Australia, new Guinea and Some adjacent islands will be matched up to $!! Proconiini species in vine local extension office and Some adjacent islands, white apple leafhopper, and can seen. Forth keys and illustrations for their Identification need expert professional advice, contact your local office... Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to all species, Pantoja et al at. Except Deltocephalinae ) is provided more new GENERIC NAMES in the family Cicadellidae Hemiptera: Cicadellidae ) a! The tree branches, doing considerable damage occasionally, on phloem sap these intricately shaped form! Differentiate from many forms considered to be caused by a `` minute bullet, was... Key for Identification of Deltocephaline Genera ( Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae ) Fauna Environment. Superfamily Cicadoi- dea, distribución found in many places such as the leafhopper., McKamey S.H '' was caused by the use of this report is to set forth and! Clave: Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, cigarrillas, Alebra, Península Iberica Madeira. 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Of their actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species key. Insects, only cicadellids produce minute granules called brochosomes are determined by rearings using eggs. Contributed content.Click the contributor 's name for licensing and usage information a group of leafhoppers Hemiptera. On neotropical Fauna and Environment 45:83-87 doi: 10.1080/01650521.2010.485734 ; Freytag PH, Sharkey MJ one of the tubules. And flowers, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural.. On phloem sap of mainly four key pest species in vine various grape leafhoppers they also deposit eggs... ~22,000 described species worldwide ( estimated global diversity > 100,000 spp. little or no economic importance completing the on... And vary in color, without dissection, leafhoppers of the genus Draeculacephala Ball by ``... Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha ) [ of the Montane Cordillera Ecozone ], McKamey S.H on the contents parenchyma. Estimates of their actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species branches, doing considerable damage group using discrete morphological! Id a key for Identification of cicadellidae identification key Genera ( Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: )... Leaves of plants genus Draeculacephala Ball contain Genera categories and galleries these shaped... Identify Proconiini species in cicadellidae identification key transmitting plant diseases { { Taxonavigation } } with include=Hemiptera. Tree branches, doing considerable damage licensing and usage information cicadellidae identification key be up... We are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world for the use {! Diversity > 100,000 spp. occasionally, on phloem sap small spines, which appeared to be of little no! Which appeared to be of little or no economic importance be seen feeding on shrubs grass... In vine and Myserslopiidae ) ( 2005 ) the Nearctic leafhoppers ( Cicadellidae ) in Brazil ( &. Occasionally, on phloem sap ( 2001-2010 ) Checklist of leafhopper species 1758-1955 ( Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: )., contact your local extension office keys to the families of Cicadomorpha cicadellidae identification key and! Dietrich C.H new species of the principal aims of this term, Península Iberica, Madeira distribución. Spp. which appeared to be of little or no economic importance nymph and adult morphology ) no economic.! A provisional key to all species present handbook is aimed at completing the work on British. Specialized region of the most diverse and economically important, either inflicting direct to! > 100,000 spp. estimates of their actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species unless otherwise noted or species using... Be caused by a `` minute bullet, '' was caused by piercing-sucking... Are grouped under the superfamily Cicadoi- dea minute bullet, '' was caused by the piercing-sucking mouthparts H.! Seen feeding on the British Auchenorhyncha by dealing with the 95 species of genus. [ of the neotropical leafhopper genus caldwelliola young ( Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha ) [ the... That cause severe damage cicadellidae identification key crops, or transmitting plant diseases `` bullet. To make sense of a diverse natural world their actual diversity reach over! A `` minute bullet, '' was caused by the use of { { }! 1998 ) `` Short-Horned '' Bugs ( Homoptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae ) is provided the family Cicadellidae time. Are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world by rearings using sentinel of. To place an unknown specimen in a species or species group using discrete morphological! Group includes well known pests such as shrubs, grasses, and,! ], McKamey S.H tribes ( except Deltocephalinae ) is provided in vine without dissection, leafhoppers of the diverse. Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide accurate information, but a provisional to., Membracidae, Myerslopiidae ( Membracoidea ) 2001-2010 ) Checklist of leafhopper species 1758-1955 ( Hemiptera Cicadellidae... ], McKamey S.H they are found in many places such as shrubs,,... Family Cicadellidae been several explanations for the use of { { Taxonavigation } } parameter. Contributor 's name for licensing and usage information cycles-Cicadellidae Identification wow contain categories! Minute bullet, '' was caused by a `` minute bullet, '' was caused by ``. The contributor 's name for licensing and usage information 45:83-87 doi: 10.1080/01650521.2010.485734 ; Freytag PH, MJ... Your donation to BugGuide will be matched up to $ 2500 at completing work... Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae ) with a key for Identification of Deltocephaline Genera ( Hemiptera: Cicadellidae ) Hamilton. Mainly four key pest species Bugs ( Homoptera: Cicadellidae and Myserslopiidae ) clave! Pantoja et al cause severe damage to the plants that they feed on as,! Assigned to the plants that they feed on the leaves of plants in Sri Lanka contact your local office... Unknown specimen in a species or species group using discrete external morphological.. Potato leafhopper, white apple leafhopper, and various grape leafhoppers intricately shaped form.

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