The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. , Other reports outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot (4.0 m) wave on the islands. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector.  A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). , A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). , In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. Honolulu: International Tsunami Information Center.  Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. 29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide  The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest of American Samoa at 6:48 a.m. Samoa Standard Time. Resonance and impact of the 2009 Samoa tsunami around Tutuila, American Samoa Volker Roeber,1 Yoshiki Yamazaki,1 and Kwok Fai Cheung1 Received 21 June 2010; revised 30 … In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. United States Geological Survey. According to the May 5 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 13.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico. Relief workers in American Samoa and Samoa searched for survivors on Thursday after a series of tsunamis smashed into the tiny Pacific islands, …  Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. (2009, September 29).  Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country.  , A tsunami warning remained in effect for the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, as five main waves were expected to strike that archipelago.  A new power plant at Satala is expected to be commissioned on 25 May 2017. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. , French High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat warned residents of the Marquesas to seek shelter at an elevation of at least 10 m (33 ft) above sea level. Magnitude 8.0 The monument is called the Healing Garden. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. New York Times. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation.  The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. The 2009 Samoa tsunami was caused by three earthquakes occurring within minutes of each other. Power outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed. A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave. Accessed September 30, 2009. A United Nations coordinator was scheduled to travel to Tonga to support early recovery initiatives in areas such as 'health, sanitation, water, infrastructure, psychological support, agriculture and fishing'. People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground.  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